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مبادئ تأسيس مشروع تجاري في كندا

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كندا ـ المهاجر : إن تأسيس مشروع تجاري في كندا يمر في عدة مراحل ، وقبل‭ ‬الشروع في

تأسيس مشروع أو عمل تجاري ناجح في كندا ‭ ‬عليك

‬تسجيل‭ ‬اسم‭ ‬العمل‭ ‬التجاري‭ ‬وعلى‭ ‬رجال‭ ‬الأعمال‭ ‬الذين‭ ‬يرغبون‭ ‬في‭ ‬تسجيل‭ ‬مشروعات‭ ‬

الملكية‭ ‬الفردية‭ ‬أو‭ ‬شراكة‭ ‬أو‭ ‬اسم‭ ‬تشغيلي‭ (‬اسم‭ ‬تجاري‭) ‬إجراء‭ ‬بحث‭ ‬اختياري‭ ‬حول‭ ‬الاسم‭ ‬وتسجيل

‭ ‬أعمالك‭ ‬من‭ ‬خلال‭ ‬الطرق‭ ‬التالية‭:‬

من‭ ‬خلال‭ ‬موقع‭ ‬ServiceOntario‭ ‬على‭ ‬الويب

من‭ ‬خلال‭ ‬التواجد‭ ‬شخصيًا‭ ‬في‭ ‬أحد‭ ‬مراكز‭ ‬ServiceOntario

من‭ ‬خلال‭ ‬إرسال‭ ‬طلب‭ ‬عبر‭ ‬البريد‭ .‬

تتراوح‭ ‬تكلفة‭ ‬تسجيل‭ ‬أعمالك‭ ‬بين‭ ‬60‭  ‬و80‭ ‬دولار‭. ‬ويكون‭ ‬تسجيلك‭ ‬صالحاً‭ ‬لمدة‭ ‬خمس‭ ‬سنوات

‭ ‬وبعد‭ ‬ذلك‭ ‬ينبغي‭ ‬تجديد‭ ‬التسجيل‭.‬

إنشاء‭ ‬شركة‭ ‬لعملك‭ ‬التجاري

الشركة‭ ‬هي‭ ‬كيان‭ ‬قانوني‭ ‬يفرق‭ ‬بين‭ ‬الأعمال‭ ‬ومثيلاتها‭ ‬حسب‭ ‬المالك‭/‬الشخص‭ ‬الذي‭ ‬يقوم‭ ‬بالتشغيل‭. ‬ويمكنك‭ ‬اختيار‭ ‬تأسيس‭ ‬الشركة‭ ‬على‭ ‬المستوى‭ ‬الفدرالي‭ ‬أو‭ ‬على‭ ‬مستوى‭ ‬المقاطعة‭. ‬ولكل‭ ‬خيار‭ ‬إيجابياته‭ ‬وسلبياته‭.‬

تأسيس‭ ‬شركة‭ ‬على‭ ‬صعيد‭ ‬المقاطعة

إن‭ ‬تأسيس‭ ‬عملك‭ ‬التجاري‭ ‬على‭ ‬صعيد‭ ‬المقاطعة‭  ‬يتيح‭ ‬لك‭ ‬تنفيذ‭ ‬عملك‭ ‬التجاري‭ ‬تحت‭ ‬اسم‭ ‬شركة‭ ‬في‭ ‬مقاطعة‭ ‬أونتاريو‭. ‬ويتم‭ ‬تطبيق‭ ‬حماية‭ ‬اسم‭ ‬الشركة‭ ‬في‭ ‬أونتاريو‭ ‬ويمكنك‭ ‬فتح‭ ‬المكاتب‭/‬المخازن‭ ‬داخل‭ ‬المقاطعة‭.‬

تأسيس‭ ‬شركة‭ ‬على‭ ‬الصعيد‭ ‬الفدرالي

إذا‭ ‬قمت‭ ‬بتأسيس‭ ‬شركة‭ ‬لعملك‭ ‬التجاري‭ ‬على‭ ‬الصعيد‭ ‬الفدرالي،‭ ‬فسيكون‭ ‬بإمكانك‭ ‬فتح‭ ‬مواقع‭ ‬داخل‭ ‬أونتاريو‭ ‬و‭/‬أو‭ ‬في‭ ‬مقاطعات‭ ‬أو‭ ‬أقاليم‭ ‬أخرى‭ ‬في‭ ‬كل‭ ‬أنحاء‭ ‬كندا‭. ‬وإذا‭ ‬قمت‭ ‬بفتح‭ ‬مكاتب‭/‬مخازن‭ ‬في‭ ‬مقاطعات‭ ‬مختلفة،‭ ‬فسيكون‭ ‬مطلوبًا‭ ‬منك‭ ‬تسجيل‭ ‬أعمالك‭ ‬في‭ ‬هذه‭ ‬المواقع‭. ‬إن‭ ‬تأسيس‭ ‬شركة‭ ‬على‭ ‬الصعيد‭ ‬الفدرالي‭ ‬يقدم‭ ‬لك‭ ‬أيضًا‭ ‬حماية‭ ‬لاسم‭ ‬الشركة‭ ‬في‭ ‬جميع‭ ‬أنحاء‭ ‬البلاد‭.‬

الشركات‭ ‬المهنية

إذا‭ ‬كنت‭ ‬تعمل‭ ‬في‭ ‬المهن‭ ‬والوظائف‭ ‬المنظمة‭ ‬قانونياً‭ (‬على‭ ‬سبيل‭ ‬المثال،‭ ‬متخصصي‭ ‬الرعاية‭ ‬الصحية‭ ‬والعاملين‭ ‬الاجتماعيين‭ ‬والمحاسبين‭) ‬فأنت‭ ‬مؤهل‭ ‬لتأسيس‭ ‬شركة‭ ‬على‭ ‬صعيد‭ ‬المقاطعة‭ ‬لأعمالك‭ ‬كشركة‭ ‬مهنية‭ ‬ومحترفة‭.‬

فيما‭ ‬يلي‭ ‬بعض‭ ‬من‭ ‬المزايا‭ ‬المهمة‭ ‬للشركات‭ ‬المهنية‭ ‬والمحترفة‭:‬

حماية‭ ‬الشركات‭ ‬ذات‭ ‬المسؤولية‭ ‬المحدودة

حق‭ ‬الحصول‭ ‬على‭ ‬تمويل‭ ‬خارجي‭ ‬للاستثمارات

مزايا‭ ‬القواعد‭ ‬الضريبية‭ ‬الخاصة‭ ‬بالشركات

اللوائح‭ ‬التنظيمية‭ ‬والتراخيص‭ ‬والتصاريح

قد‭ ‬يحتاج‭ ‬عملك‭ ‬التجاري‭ ‬إلى‭ ‬الحصول‭ ‬على‭ ‬التراخيص‭ ‬والتصاريح‭ ‬من‭ ‬المستويات‭ ‬الحكومية‭ ‬الفيدرالية‭ ‬والمقاطعة‭ ‬والبلدية‭. ‬

سيكون‭ ‬بإمكانك‭ ‬استخدام‭ ‬البحث‭ ‬في‭ ‬التصاريح‭ ‬والتراخيص‭ (‬Canada Business Permits and Licenses Search‭ )    ‬الذي‭ ‬توفره‭ ‬Canada Business‭ ‬،‭ ‬وهي‭ ‬الميزة‭ ‬التي‭ ‬تعمل‭ ‬باستخدام‭ ‬BizPaL‭ ‬،‭ ‬لتتمكن‭ ‬من‭ ‬العثور‭ ‬على‭ ‬التراخيص‭ ‬واللوائح‭ ‬التنظيمية‭ ‬التي‭ ‬قد‭ ‬تؤثر‭ ‬على‭ ‬أعمالك‭.‬

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الدراسة

التعليم للقادمين الجدد في كندا

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جريدة المهاجر : قد يندهش بعض القادمين الجدد من بلد آخر من بعض جوانب التعليم في كندا، حيث يتم توفير التعليم من قبل المقاطعات و ليس من قبل البلد ككل ، ولكل مقاطعة الحق بإنشاء المعايير والمبادئ التوجيهية الخاصّة بالمدارس فيها. هذا وتختلف كل مقاطعة عن الأخرى و تبعاً لذلك فإن كل طفل سيحصل على جودة تعليم تختلف باختلاف المدرسة التي يرتادها.

و تعتبر أونتاريو وألبيرتا و بريتش كولومبيا من أهم المقاطعات في التعليم في كندا من ناحية التعليم في المدارس الثانوية، ومن المهم معرفة أنه لا يحقّ للطلاب إلا الإلتحاق بالمدارس المتواجدة في المقاطعات التي يعيشون فيها وليس المدارس في المقاطعات الأخرى.

وعلى الرغم من أن كل مقاطعة لها معاييرها الخاصة في التعليم، إلا أن هناك أوجهاً كثيرة للتشابه في التعليم في كل مقاطعة .

بالنسبة لتعليم الأطفال من المفترض أن يتعلم الأطفال المهارات وليس مجرد حفظ و إعادة انتاج الحقائق. ففي الصف الأول يتم تعليم الطلاب على عادات عملهم و قدراتهم على التوافق مع الآخرين و المهارات الأخرى، فالحضور في المدرسة و الحصول على نشاط بدني وتحقيق الطلاب لأهدافهم بشكل مستقل كلها تشكل جزءاً من تعليم الأطفال و تربيتهم.

 وبالإضافة لخضوع الطلاب لاختبارات والقيام بمهام مختلفة ،يتم اختبارهم أيضاً بطرق أخرى حيث يراقب المعلّمون تصرفات الأطفال في الصف ويتحدثون معهم ويؤخذ ذلك في عين الإعتبار عند تقييم درجاتهم ، وهذا ما يعرف باسم المراقبة / المحادثة. فالمعلمون يقومون بتدريب الأطفال لمساعدتهم على تقييم نقاط قوتهم وضعفهم ومساعدتهم في العمل من أجل تحسينها و التركيز على التعلم المستمر، في حين أن التعليم الذي تلقاه الطلاب في بلدهم الأصلي ربما ركّز فقط على الإختبارات وحفظ الحقائق، وبذلك سيكون التعليم ولا سيما في أونتاريو مختلفاً حيث تكرّس المقاطعة جهودها للتأكد من أن جميع الآباء يفهمون هذه المعايير ، وأن الطلاب لديهم العديد من الفرص لإثبات المهارات التي تعلموها.

هذا المقال تم كتابته من قبل :

Ms. Misbah Ali – Director Beaconhouse Mississauga

 Mr. Bilal Rashid — – Director Beaconhouse Mississauga and Ms. Kimberley Fowler

لمزيد من المعلومات يرجى زيارة الموقع الإلكتروني:

www.beaconhouse.ca or contact us via email info@beaconhouse.ca or call us on 905-290-1321

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Abdelkader Bouaziz

Arabs in Canada …Hard workers and successful

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By Abdelkader Bouaziz : I was talking to an Arab friend from New-Brunswick, who volunteered with me in an association to help Syrian families, and after our nice conversation mostly about all Syrian families that we helped, and how the rise of Arabic language in the city. I kept asking myself who was the first Arab who immigrate to Canada? After some digging and searching a large resources of information, I was amazed to know that he is a Syrian like all those Syrian refugee who settled in Canada those last couple of years, putting his first steps in Montreal in 1882.

In the introduction of one of the resources ‘’Global Research, October 11, 2015’’, written by Dr. Ibrahim Hayani, we can read “Introduction: The Beginning; Exactly a century and a quarter ago, amid the numerous immigrants then pouring into Canada, a 19-year-old youth landed in Montreal. It was 1882, just 6 years after the establishment of Canada as a federal state, and Abraham Bounader from Zahle, a small town in The Lebanon (then part of Syria) overlooking the fertile Beka’ valley, had become Canada’s first Arab immigrant. By 1901, there were 2,000 others of Arab origin in Canada, by 1941 this number had grown to about 12,000

ARABS IN CANADA “1

 persons, and today it is estimated that there are about 600,000 Canadians of Arab origin (i.e., about 1.8% of Canada’s total population)”

My researches lead me to the last census of Statistic Canada 2016. There are exactly 523235 person of Arab origin living in Canada. The population is the second fastest-growing racialized group in the country -just behind Filipinos- and it nearly doubled in the past decade, due essentially to the recents number of refugees arrived in the country (from Iraq, Syria,…). The vast majority live in Québec 213 740, followed by Ontario 210 435.

The Arabic language is also the second fastest growing languages since 2011, it grew by 30 per cent, (Tagalog is first by 35%) followed by Persian/Farsi (26.7 per cent), Hindi (26.1 per cent), and Urdu (25 per cent). It’s the most spoken language among the five most spoken in Montréal (18%), and in the region of Ottawa-Gatineau (18,6 %).

In addition of those statistics, I kept looking for stories about Arabs, then I remembered while I was in Fredericton (New-Brunswick), I heard about one of the nominee of the Top 50 CEO, according to Atlantic Business Magazine. He is Egyptian and the University of Prince Edward Island president: Dr. Alaa Abd-El-Aziz. He received his undergraduate and masters degrees in Cairo, his PhD from the University of Saskatchewan, and did a post-doctoral fellowship at the University of Toronto. He also worked at UBC and the University of Winnipeg. He has been president since 2011 and was reappointed for a second five-year term.

His dynamism, prompt responses to various managerial challenges and implication in the community allowed him be one of the Atlantic Canada’s 50 most accomplished business leaders.

“I love to pull together people with different skillsets to create a great team to accomplish a goal —whether it’s a fundraising target, constructing a new building, or creating a new program,” said Abd-El-Aziz to the The Guardian ( May 18, 2017) “It is immensely rewarding to see your collective vision become a reality and see the people you work with do well and feel good about their contributions and achievements.”

ARABS IN CANADA “2

 Another name of an Arab in Nova-Scotia, come up. He was named, as well, in the Top 50 CEO Hall of Fame of Atlantic Business Magazine in 2012. His name is Wadih Fares : he came to Canada 30 years ago to flee civil war in his native Lebanon. He exemplifies entrepreneurial spirit and community service. Robert Zed, a Halifax entrepreneur who knows Fares well said about him “ His commitment is unbelievable. He simply does not say no and he steps up every time. He lives in a world of ‘pay it forward’ and gives of his time, money and resources just because it feels right.”

In Ontario and Québec there are so many successful Arabs that it would need more than a chronicles to talk about them. Generally (not as cliché, but we can say that the big majority) Lebanese are well known with their business spirits, Maghrebans with their great academic profiles (Professor, Analysts), some Khaleej’s (Golf) Arabs with their medicinal profile (doctors, nurses…).

In Manitoba, the community became bigger to the point that last year they decided to create The Canadian Arab Association of Manitoba CAAM, gathering people from more than 24 Arabic countries, to promote the Arab culture. One name erupted in this province and is the president of the association, Faïçal Zellama. A professor and director of the School of Business Administration at the University of St. Boniface (USB) an active person, participating in many projects of researches related to the challenges immigrants are facing in Canada. His recent projects was leading a team of researchers to study recent refugee movements at the Canadian border with the goal of to make an inventory to enlighten local decision-makers.

The best story of hard working Arab in Canada that I found was the one of this vibrant woman Hilwie Johma Hamdon. The Edmonton journal was talking about her recently, honouring stronger muslim women : she was an even earlier feminist Muslim pioneer. Born in 1905 in Lebanon, Hamdon moved to northern Alberta as a teenage bride with her husband, Ali Hamdon, a fur trader. They spent their early married life in Fort Chipewyan. Hilwie wanted a better education for her children and insisted they move to Edmonton.

In the 1930s, she led efforts to build Edmonton’s first mosque. She convinced Mayor John Fry to donate land. Then she convinced Muslims across Alberta and Saskatchewan, as well as

ARABS IN CANADA “3

 Edmontonians of all faiths and backgrounds, to donate to the mosque, raising the necessary $5,000. The Al-Rashid Mosque, the first in Canada, opened in 1938.

Hilwie Johma Hamdon died in 1988. In 2016, the Edmonton Public School district honoured her by naming a Kindergarten to Grade 9 school with her name, in the Hudson neighbourhood of northwest Edmonton. A great example of a strong Arab woman!

The more I immerse myself in the research, the more I am amazed with these fabulous stories that I found out about the success of the Arabs in Canada. For exemples I just knew (and I bet very few people knew it) that Joseph Atallah “Joe” Ghiz, was the 27th Premier of Prince Edward Island from 1986 to 1993, an educator of law and a justice of the Supreme Court of Prince Edward Island. He was the father of Robert Ghiz, the 31st Premier of Prince Edward Island. He was the first premier of a Canadian province to be of non-European descent. He is a Lebanese.

While not everyone achieves success, we must make known to the entire Arab community, (and all Canadian as well) that there are successful stories of these Arabs who work hard and who are capable of great achievement not just for themselves, their families, their communities but also…. for their country Canada.

ARABS IN CANADA “4

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قادمون جدد

Is welcoming refugees good for Canada?

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By  Mustafa Alio : Until a couple of years ago, I never wanted to tell the people I met that I was a refugee claimant, I tried to justify hiding the truth about my status. I told myself if people know, they may respond to me with fear, hatred or at best, with sympathy. A refugee is a security threat or an economic liability, a refugee is a creature that needs help.

Many people even advocates and sympathetic policy makers view refugees only from a humanitarian lens. They overlook them as sources of talent and opportunity. Today as a refugee and I will talk about refugees as opportunities, as power to be harnessed.

I Spearheaded non-profits and sincerely worked and still to make Canada a better place. I co-founded organizations like Jumpstart and the Syrian Canadian Foundation. Jumpstart helps hundreds of newcomer refugees from all backgrounds gain meaningful employment, and improve their language skills. As a community leader, I have promoted Canada’s refugee programs in meetings with government representatives from Sweden, Italy and the Middle East. I have contributed to the development of the Global compact on refugees at the formal consultations in Geneva as a member of the Network for refugee Voices. I met and discussed topics with many state members from Netherlands, Germany, Ireland, EU, and others.

All that, yet, the question that still boggles my mind is, why so many people shy away from the conversation about refugee economic contribution. Why shy away when the city of Vancouver told us that about 2500 Syrian refugees will contribute at least $563 million dollars in the next 20 years to Canada, why shy away when tent foundation proved that every $1 invested in refugees earn $2 back in less than 5 years. Why shy away when the department of health and human services in the US issued research showing that refugees gave back $63 billion more than what they took in services in the last 10 years. Why shy away when my organization Jumpstart that was founded, co-managed and run by refugees contributes $7,5 yearly in tax saving and contributions to Canada for every $1 invested in supporting refugees finding meaningful employment. Moreover, why shy away when Tariq Hadad the Syrian refugee started the company peace by chocolate in a Canadian town of less than 5000 people, hired close to 50 local citizens, why shy away when a young Syrian refugee woman Aya Hamoud learnt coding in less than 6 months to start working with one of the most successful Canadian Start-ups at the age of 20, or when my friend James Madhier who is a refugee from south Sudan founded the rainmaker enterprise that employs 9 Canadians, and positively empowers over 1500 people in south Sudan. Why shy away when Mr. Marty Trim from Alberta gave 6 acres of unused land, a lost potential, to two refugee families who turned it into a farm that provides Canadians with fresh local goods and the CRA with fresh tax dollars. They even donated 800 pounds of lettuce to Calgary Food Bank.

These examples can go on and on so you tell me if resettling and welcoming refugees is good for Canada.       

Recommendations

The Fact that there will only be two fulltime working Canadians for each retiree tells us that Canada is in great need of immigrants and refugees. Adopting GCM and GCR, co-hosting the global refugee forums to share best practices of inclusion, and partnering with other nations is the right path to pursue.  

Economic studies tell us that Canada’s investment in refugees and immigrants is above all, the smart thing to do. We had better constructively criticize and improve our settlement and resettlement efforts to be more efficient, rather than spreading fear to divide this nation that was built on the shoulders of refugees and immigrants.

It is in Canada’s interest to build on the success and the leadership of innovative programs to enable mobility of refugees between countries including private sponsorship, humanitarian admission, and the Economic mobility Pathways Project, a world leading pilot program pioneered by Canada.

Canada would benefit to realize and advocate for refugees to be seen as legitimate contributors and policy makers who can themselves participate in settlement and resettlement efforts, peace building, transitional justice, and reconstruction. Nothing about us should be without us!

Finally I could never think of a better story to leave you with than Omar’s; a 7 year old kid in one of Lebanon’s Camps: 

Omar kept jumping up and down yelling, telling the camp supervisor that he is smart, and he can count and write in English from 1 to 100, something he learnt on his own in the camp. Not thinking, the supervisor told Omar to bring a pen and paper and show him. With a sad thoughtful face, Omar told the supervisor to wait then started running from one tent to another. Then Omar ran back to confess that he didn’t have a pen nor paper. While confessing Omar squatted down to the ground, dug his nails and fingers into the mud and started tracing out the numbers. Omar is symbol of 68 million resilient human beings who are refugees and waiting on nations like Canada to see their power, and determination,,, and do something.

Mustafa Alio, is the Co-Founder and Development Director Of Jumpstart Refugee Talent

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